The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,<br />
the series “Natural-Mathematical and Technical Sciences” The Bulletin of the Adyghe State University,
the series “Natural-Mathematical and Technical Sciences”
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#3 / 2014

Biological Sciences

  • Popov I.B., Shapovalov M.I.
    Sozological characteristic of hymenopterous insects (Insecta, Hymenoptera) of special economic zone of the Maikop region, Adyghea Republic

    The analysis is provided of fauna structure of hymenopterous insects (Hymenoptera) and its short sozological characteristic within Lagonaki Upland, the special economic zone of the Maikop region of the Adyghea Republic (RA). Within the considered area, 139 species of the hymenopterous insects belonging to 12 families are noted. Six species of them are included in the Red Lists of Krasnodar Region and Adyghea Republic. The major menacing factors are revealed and recommendations are given for preservation of sozologically significant objects of an entomofauna within a recreational zone.

    pdf 62-71.pdf  (371 Kb)

  • Chermit K.D., Shakhanova A.V., Zabolotniy A.G.
    On the essence of a sports lateral stress (a scientific hypothesis)

    We base the theory of a lateral stress on the methodological principles of a dominanñe of selfdevelopment and self-organization, unity and fight of symmetry and asymmetry as the conditions for the existence and adaptation of a human body. A need to account this phenomenon at creation of system of sports training is proved.

    pdf 72-79.pdf  (310 Kb)

  • Kalnaya E.V., Shakhanova A.V., Skhakumidov T.A., Meretukova A.R.
    Effect of physical activity on the sports regulatory and adaptive abilities of students with different physical activity

    Determined the effect of systematic sports physical activity on the functional state of the cardiovascular system of students with different physical activity, shows that college-volleyball players do not reach an adequate training effect of the cardiovascular system, while at the students, basketball players have improved regulatory-adaptive status of female students not involved in sports, have lower regulatory and adaptive status of all the examinees in the group dynamics of the school year there is a significant deterioration of the regulatory and adaptive mechanisms.

    pdf 80-88.pdf  (253 Kb)

  • Ilchenko G.N., Tatlok R.K., Berezkin N.G.
    Intraspecific typification of the eugenol-containing species of a basil (OcimumL.)

    This paper presents the results of studying a collection of the eugenol-containing species of basil for the purpose of identifying sources and donors of economically valuable features for selection of the eugenol basil. Typification of OcimumgratissimumL by the content of the main component in essential oil is proposed.

    pdf 89-96.pdf  (217 Kb)

  • Khasanova N.N., Agirov A.Kh., Silantyev M.N., Filimonova T.A.
    Adaptation variability of nervous system of first-year students during the work on the computer in the conditions of carrying out preventive actions

    The paper explores the adaptation variability of nervous system of first-year students during their work on the computer in Informatics classes. It has been revealed that long work of students on the computer causes deterioration of adaptation opportunities of nervous system by the end of occupations, development of considerable exhaustion and decrease in intellectual working capacity. Introduction of preventive actions in these occupations is followed by more favorable adaptation.

    pdf 97-103.pdf  (281 Kb)

  • Spasovskiy Yu.N.
    Phenological and rhythm structure of phytocenoses of a northern macroslope of the Caucasus Biosphere Reserve

    This paper discusses the results of studying the phenological and rhythm features of forest and meadow phytocenoses of a northern macroslope of the Caucasus Biosphere Reserve. The qualitative and quanti- tative phenological and rhythm structure of plants and their correlation in the main phytocenoses of the pheno- logical profile «Guzeripl – the Tybga Mountain» is defined.

    pdf 104-109.pdf  (197 Kb)

  • Guchetl A.A., Chermit K.D., Shakhanova A.V., Zabolotniy A.G.
    Influence of a way of vising on changing parameters of the bioelectric activity of muscles of a hand at children aged 5-6 years catching the falling subject

    The paper examines the bioelectric activity of muscles of a shoulder and forearm when catching the falling subject. The electromyogram of a deltoid muscle represents an interferential curve, showing a sharp shot-like surge in bioelectric activity. The electromyogram of a biceps of a shoulder is an interferential curve with intensive increase and decrease in bioelectric activity, and the electromyogram of muscles of a forearm represents an interferential curve with smooth increase and gradual decrease in bioelectric activity.

    pdf 110-117.pdf  (356 Kb)

  • Tkhakumacheva Yu. B., Isakov A.O., Mirza M.Yu., Sidorov V. I.
    Influence of a social deprivation on manifestation of the nervous system types in 14-15 year-old pupils of boarding school

    The paper discusses the importance of research on the nervous system type for the organization of activity of the orphan children who are brought up at boarding schools. Mobility of nervous processes in 14-15 year-old children of boarding school is studied on the basis of «tepping-test» technique. Manifestation of types of nervous system is established. Comparison of the obtained data with data on research of the children who are playing sports and brought up in the conditions of a family is carried out.

    pdf 118-123.pdf  (246 Kb)

  • Chermit K.D., Zabolotniy A.G., Elnikova O.O., Sidorov V.I.
    Bioelectric activity of muscles in the course of realization of penalty shot in basketball

    The method of the interferential superficial electromyogram was used to study the bioelectric activity of manual actions of basketball players aged 17-18 years in the course of realization of a penalty shot. It is established that 69% of unsuccessful attempts are connected with reduction of the maximum amplitude of signal realization of the forearm muscles electromyogram. Instability of the temporary periods of activity of muscular groups is found in final part of a penalty shot. Sexual distinctions of parameters of bioelectric activity of young men and girls are defined.

    pdf 124-131.pdf  (308 Kb)

  • Kagazezheva N.Kh., Kolomiytseva N.S., Doronina N.V.
    Dynamics of morpho-functional indicators of pupils of the senior classes depending on accommodation conditions in the mountain district and on attitude to addictions

    The paper examines the influence of accommodation conditions in mountainous areas of the Republics of Adyghea and Kabardino-Balkaria on morpho-functional parameters of an organism of seniors, as well as on their predilection for addictions. Studying extent of distribution of smokers among youth in various conditions of a residence will allow us to reveal the hidden reserves influencing change of number of the young people subject to tobacco smoking. In our opinion, the conducted research will allow more successful prevention of development of this addiction among different age groups.

    pdf 132-136.pdf  (221 Kb)

  • Shebzukhova E.A.
    Modern registration data on the number of reptiles in the Adyghea Republic

    This paper describes the long-term field researches on registration data of reptiles carried out in all altitudinal belts of the Adyhgea Republic. The account was carried out from 2011 to 2014. Routes got out so that they passed on the most typical biotopes. Lizards and snakes are considered.

    pdf 145-147.pdf  (157 Kb)

  • Tuguz F.V.
    Historical and geographical investigation of settling (Adyghea Republic case study)

    The paper discusses the principles and methods of the description and mapping of evolution of settling in the territory of modern Adyghea since the end of the Caucasus War up to now (the 2nd half of the 19th-20th centuries). Examples are given of typology of settlements and their systems defining logic of historical and geographical investigation of settling, as well as the list of maps which can be a basis of the sections related to the population and settlements in scientific atlases intended for different purposes.

    pdf 148-157.pdf  (232 Kb)

  • Melnikova T.N.
    Maximum drain of a spring river high water in the Northwest Caucasus

    The paper generalizes the results of researches on the maximum drain of a river high water in the Northwest Caucasus and discloses the conditions of its generation within the region. The author shows its spatial-temporal variability and makes an analysis of calculation methods of the maximum drain of a high water. As a result, the dependences of the maximum drain of thawed snow on the average height of reservoirs, and a dependence of coefficients of a variation of the maximum drain of thawed snow on the average height of river reservoirs have been obtained. The conducted researches expand theoretical and applied aspects of regional hydrological researches.

    pdf 158-164.pdf  (274 Kb)

  • Pshikanokova N.I., Pshikanokova S.D., Pshikanokova N.D.
    Scientific and methodological bases of the territorial organization in the conditions of a glocalization of regions in Russia

    This work proves a need for the country to reconsider scientific and methodological bases of the territorial organization. Processes of globalization and glocalisation under the influence of crisis of world financial and economic system actualize the solution of tasks of the organization and strategic planning of territories. At present ability to self-organization of territorial production, technological, social and economic subsystems in spatial and evolutionary aspect is especially demanded. In this context the system and synergetic paradigm plays a special role in development of conceptual and methodological approach to the organization of process of strategic management of regional economic systems.

    pdf 165-170.pdf  (161 Kb)

  • Goretskaya E.O.
    The state cadastral assessment of lands in the Adyghea Republic

    The paper substantiates the importance of the state assessment of lands in the territory of Adyghea Republic. The author analyzes the results of the state cadastral estimation of cost of one square meter of lands in the Republic on the whole and in a section of each municipality.

    pdf 171-173.pdf  (131 Kb)

  • Teuchezh F.D., Shadzhe A.I., Khamerzokova R.Yu.
    The role of ecological tourism in economy of Adyghea Republic

    This paper considers the role of ecological tourism in economy of Adyghea Republic. Ecological tourism, being one of the directions of tourist industry as the most dynamic branch of economy, can promote the intensive growth of recreation-tourist sector of the region with rational use of specially protected natural objects.

    pdf 174-176.pdf  (155 Kb)

  • Panesh O.A., Lapteva L.O.
    Mikhail Danilovich Altukhov – a Scientist, Teacher and the Person

    The description of life, scientific and pedagogical activity of the well-known geobotanist, florist, Doctor of Biology, professor, a researcher of flora and vegetation of the Alpine, subalpine mountain meadows of the Northwest Caucasus is provided. The complete list of the scientific works of Mikhail Danilovich Altukhov, written by him personally or in a co-authorship is presented for the first time. The present publication will help researchers of flora of the Caucasus both with the theory and in practice.

    pdf 177-184.pdf  (319 Kb)

  • Guchetl A.A., Chermit K.D., Zabolotniy A.G.
    The effect of lateralization of sight on the manifestation of bioelectric activity of the postural muscles of children of senior preschool age when holding the balance

    This paper examines the bioelectric activity of the muscles of the back, hips and legs while holding the pose of Flamingo. Violation of stable operation of the postural muscles when holding the pose of Flamingo in terms of visual derivation specifies the key value of sight in the implementation of postural stability. In this regard, it is interesting to study postural stability in the conditions of realization of sight with the dominant and subdominant eye.

    pdf 137-144.pdf  (543 Kb)


  • Shumafov M.M.
    Stabilization of two-dimensional linear controllable systems by Pyragas’ delay feedback

    In the paper the problem of stabilization of two-dimensional linear time-invariant controllable systems by means of Pyragas’ static time-invariant delayed output feedback is considered. Necessary and/or sufficient conditions of stabilizability of two-dimensional systems are given. The potential of Pyragas’ delayed feedback is shown for stabilization of two-dimensional systems. The obtained results are compared with necessary and sufficient stabilization conditions given by feedback without delay.

    pdf 11-18.pdf  (251 Kb)

  • Ushkho A.D., Feklistov G.S.
    On straight-line isoclines and singular points of the flat polynomial vector fields in special cases

    The new proofs of the early known data on straight-line isoclines of planar cubic vector fields are presented. These proofs are based on the introduction of a specific property (a). The set M has the property (a) if its elements are parallel to each other straight-line isoclines of polynomial differential system and there are no two lines in it, which induced the same direction. It is shown that if a polynomial vector field of the npower has the n-element set M1 of the straight-line isoclines with the (a) property and the n-element set M2 of parallel straight-line isoclines, then the M2 also has the (a) property. We prove that the vector field of the npower has n(n–1) singular points, and they are all simple, if the set of its straight-line isoclines contains two nelement subset of the (a) property.

    pdf 19-32.pdf  (370 Kb)

  • Stash A.Kh.
    On essential values of frequencies of solutions of the third order linear differential periodic equation

    The third order linear differential equation with periodic coefficients is given for any beforehand set natural number N. The set of its full (vector) frequencies of uncommon solutions consists of not less than N various essential numbers.

    pdf 33-44.pdf  (291 Kb)


  • Malay N.V., Limanskaya A.V., Shchukin E.R., Stukalov A.A.
    Thermophoresis of heated large aerosol spherical particles

    The stationary motion of large solid aerosol spherical particle in an external field of a temperature gradient is described theoretically in the Stokes approximation. By consideration of the motion it was assumed that average particle surface temperature differs from the temperature of gaseous medium significantly. A power-law dependence of the coefficients of molecular transfer (viscosity, thermal conductivity) and density of gaseous environment on temperature is considered when solving the equations of gas dynamics. Numerical estimates showed non-linear thermophoresis strength and speed dependence upon the average temperature of its surface.

    pdf 45-54.pdf  (363 Kb)

  • Shchukin E.R., Malay N.V., Shulimanova Z.L.
    The influence of heterogeneity of the thermal properties of the nucleus on steady thermophoretic movement of two-layer cylindrical aerosol particle

    The problem of single moderately large solid two-layer cylindrical aerosol particle thermophoresis in inhomogeneous temperature monatomic gas is solved. Formulas found for the particle thermophoresis velocity allow estimation of its value taking into account dependence of the nucleus thermal conductivity coefficient on radial coordinate. The analysis has shown that the surface gaskinetic effects have growing influence on a particle thermo physical motion with increasing the Knudsen number, while the influence of non-uniformity of the thermophysical properties of particle decreases.

    pdf 55-61.pdf  (256 Kb)

    Technical Sciences

  • Aliev M.V., Shovgenov Dz.A.
    Human face detection by defined primitive

    Hybrid algorithm of face recognition on image is provided. Efficiency of work of hybrid algorithm is shown. An algorithm of search of the human face by defined primitive in the image is provided.

    pdf 185-188.pdf  (224 Kb)

  • Vlasenko À.V., Dzoban P.I.
    Development of algorithms and programs to choose the optimal set of components of actual threat neutralization on the basis of model description and their integration in Web appendix

    Algorithms and programs are developed to choose the optimal set of components of actual threat neutralization and to process widespread vulnerabilities of Web appendixes. The appendixes are organized in the structured list, consisting of six classes: authentification, authorizing, attacks on clients, code implementation, information disclosure and logical attacks. Also the resource is developed to meet the requirements of safety, that a customer / proprietor of Web-site declares frequently, and to be within the framework of the law, correspondingly. Or otherwise an already present Web-site is brought over to these requirements, resorting to the analysis of used and potentially dangerous vulnerabilities.

    pdf 189-193.pdf  (272 Kb)

  • Sagdatullin A.M.
    Development of a stand to model the process of transport automation and oil preparation

    This work focuses on automation of technological process of system of collecting, transport and preparation of oil for the purpose of energy savings and increase of power efficiency in these technological processes [1]. To solve this task, a study is made on the developed symbolic circuit and the operating SCADA system of a simulator of automation of transport and preparation of oil on the basis of the operating Centum CS 3000 controler and the laboratory YOKOGAWA Electric complex including capacities, networks of the interconnected pipelines, the measuring and controlling equipment. This allows us to investigate such modes as pumping, maintenance of level, delivery regulation and comparison of expenses.

    pdf 194-200.pdf  (671 Kb)

  • Kizdermishov A.A.
    The analysis of the possibility to use the freeware network scanners

    The paper discusses the problem related to the application of open-source network scanners to provide a «minimum level» of protection of user information resources to prevent attacks based on the collection of baseline data on the subject of protection by the «black box» method.

    pdf 201-205.pdf  (181 Kb)